When choosing a text to analyse content you must first have a framework to follow. The two I found best to follow is the University of Cornell Guide and Colorado state University Guide. The text is one of the readings we were given called, ‘Ethical Issues and Legalities’ by Penny Tinkler’s. This is the areas to follow.
- Author: – Begin by explaining the author’s credentials within their field, educational history and experiences. This is mainly a brief history of their achievements and qualifications.
The Chapter, ‘Ethical issues and Legalities,’ is by the Author Penny Tinkler. Penny Tinkler has attended two Universities, School of Social Sciences in Sussec and Manchester University in the Department of Education Research. She gained a degree in history and obtained a PhD about the cultural construction of girlhood.2. Audience: – You must find what the audience the author is looking to approach to and address their issue.
The audience that Penny Tinkler is looking for is the students. She wants students that are interested in photography and journalism. The information further goes on to state that the information given to the students is to inform them about ethical choices student make when taking, borrowing or publishing photos.
3. Topic/ Title and position: – What the chapter is about, the question or main idea. Plus the aspect of the persons opinion.
Penny Tinkler’s position is to educate readers about ethical issues and legalities. The perspective shown within the text are objective while also presenting various viewpoints which provide information about further aspects within ethics. It is also talking about the ethical issues involved in taking, borrowing and publishing photos.
4. Research/ Sources: – The system in which we must reference in order to avoid copyright issues while also giving credit to further resources used.
The resources and bibliography should be placed at the back of the book rather than the end of the chapter. However she does do a lot of statements and quotes from other researchers that she uses and notes throughout the chapter.
5. Organisation and Structure: -The organisation and style of the writing is what intrigues the readers in. By doing sub headings and layering the work in a format can help make the work more fluent. The writing styles must go further into looking into the aspect that repetitive wording must be avoided. First person attitude must be used. In turn all of this is faced in the Tinklers chapter.
6. Conclusion/ Revision/Proof: – The conclusion must make sense and ends with all answers completed. Plus concluding with further proof and evidence to back up statements.
In Tinklers chapter was to concern about the main issue of ethical issues and legalities around taking, borrowing and publishing photos. Tinkler successfully showed the results on acting ethically while also backing up her points. How Tinkler backs up her statements is how she paraphrases evidence given from further scholars and researchers.
Tinkler, P 2013, ‘Ethical Issues and Legalities’, Using Photographs in Social and Historical Research, SAGE Publications, London, pp. 195-208